Topic

Addiction

Altered Appetitive Conditioning and Neural Connectivity in Subjects With Compulsive Sexual Behavior

AUTHOR(S)

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PUBLISHED

2016 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine, Vol. 13 (4), pp. 627-636

KEY FINDINGS
  • This study found that neural correlates of appetitive conditioning and neural connectivity are altered in patients with compulsive sexual behavior and that these are a marker for impaired emotion regulation.
CATEGORIES

Ventral Striatum Activity When Watching Preferred Pornographic Pictures is Correlated With Symptoms of Internet Pornography Addiction

AUTHOR(S)

, , , and

PUBLISHED

2016 in Neuroimage, Vol 129, pp. 224-232

KEY FINDINGS
  • The results of this study support the role for the ventral striatum in processing reward anticipation and gratification linked to subjectively preferred pornographic material - these patterns may contribute to a neural explanation of why individuals with certain preferences and sexual fantasies are at-risk for losing their control over Internet pornography consumption.
CATEGORIES

Novelty, Conditioning and Attentional Bias to Sexual Rewards

AUTHOR(S)

, , , , , and

PUBLISHED

2016 in Journal of Psychiatric Research, Vol. 72, pp. 91-101

KEY FINDINGS
  • This study shows that compulsive sexual behavior individuals have a dysfunctional enhanced preference for sexual novelty possibly mediated by greater cingulate habituation along with a generalized enhancement of conditioning to rewards.
CATEGORIES

Neural Substrates of Sexual Desire in Individuals with Problematic Hypersexual Behavior

AUTHOR(S)

, and

PUBLISHED

2015 in Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, Vol. 9, pp. 321

KEY FINDINGS
  • Consistent with the findings of brain imaging studies of substance and behavior addiction, this study found thtat individuals with the behavioral characteristics of problematic hypersexual behaviors have enhanced desire exhibited altered activation in the prefrontal cortex and subcortical regions.
CATEGORIES

Implicit Associations in Cybersex Addiction: Adaption of an Implicit Association Test with Pornographic Pictures

AUTHOR(S)

, , , , and

PUBLISHED

2015 in Addictive Behaviors, Vol. 49, pp. 7-12

KEY FINDINGS
  • Results show positive relationships between implicit associations of pornographic pictures with positive emotions and tendencies towards cybersex addiction, problematic sexual behavior, sensitivity towards sexual excitation as well as subjective craving.
CATEGORIES

Sexual Excitability and Dysfunctional Coping Determine Cybersex Addiction in Homosexual Male

AUTHOR(S)

, , and

PUBLISHED

2015 in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, Vol. 18(10), pp. 575-580

KEY FINDINGS
  • This study found strong correlations between Cybersex addiction symptoms and indicators of sexual arousal and sexual excitability, coping by sexual behaviors, and psychological symptoms...theese results are comparable with those reported for heterosexual males and females in previous studies and highlight the role of positive and negative reinforcement due to cybersex use.
CATEGORIES

Neuroscience of Internet Pornography Addiction: A Review and Update

AUTHOR(S)

, , , , and

PUBLISHED

2015 in Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 5(3), pp. 388–433.

KEY FINDINGS
  • This literture review article summarises dozens of studies and concludes that the net result of this inquiry has yielded a very large number of neuroscience based studies that support the application of the addiction model to addictive Internet-related behaviors - including pornography addiction.
CATEGORIES

Trading Later Rewards for Current Pleasure: Pornography Consumption and Delay Discounting

AUTHOR(S)

, , , and

PUBLISHED

2015 in Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 53(6), pp. 689-700

KEY FINDINGS
  • Participants who abstained from pornography use demonstrated lower delay discounting than participants who abstained from their favorite food. The finding suggests that Internet pornography is a sexual reward that contributes to delay discounting differently than other natural rewards.
CATEGORIES